Final Exam Study Guide – Dec 9th

Final Project Due 12/9/13

The final exam is on the final day of class 12/9/13. It will cover all of the items discussed after the Midterm. The following items will be on the final exam:

Animation Techniques
Pixilation animation
3D animation
Clay and puppet animation similarities
Augmented reality animation
Walk cycle
Walk cycle poses
Planning your character

Bruce Bickford
The Secret Adventures of Tom Thumb

Flash Techniques
IK Bones
IK Bones Properties Panel
Adding Sound
Adding Video
Nested Movie Clips
Symbols: movie clip, button, graphic


Video and Sound in Animation Flash CS6

Flash gives you the animator control over many aspects of the sound. Flash even offers a library of sound effects. Sound can add or take away from an animation. Use sound effectively. Before you add sound to your animation think about the following:

  1. Why do you want to add sound? – You should add sound to add an emotional punch or to cue the audience for interactive features like a button.
  2. How important is it that your soundtrack matches your animation precisely? – Flash gives you options to help you synchronize your sound clips but you cannot match a 2 second sound clip to 10 seconds of an animated sequence.

Importing and Adding Sound to a Frame

You can add sound to any layer once it is imported to the library. But it is best to a create separate layers for your sounds. This helps you the animator to save time when editing by keeping the sounds organization

Note: Flash offers a sound library with sound effects. Go to Window > Common Libraries > Sounds. Drag the sound to the stage.

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3D Animation

What makes a picture 3D?
A picture that appears to have a height, width, and depth.

What is CGI Animation?
CGI stands for Computer Generated Imagery. More specifically 3D computer graphics. CGI is used for visual effects that are computer generated.

Advantages of 3D/CGI animation are:
CGI is very successful because the animator has more control over the animation. The animator does not need actors, props, or expensive sets. 3D animation has evolved so much from where it began.  3D looks realistic and the final product is truly amazing!

There are many 3D computer programs that are different and have their own characteristics and specialties. Some examples are:

  • Maya
  • LightWave
  • Softimage
  • Studio Max
  • Swift
  • Amorphium
  • Carrara Studio
  • Poser
  • Bryce
  • Blender
  • Renderman

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What is Pixilation?

Pixilation is a stop-motion technique especially used for animated “life” actors. A pixilation animation consists of a series of postures in front of the camera. A stationary camera records a posed human subject who moves to new positions between frames. The actor becomes a kind of living stop-motion puppet.

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Clay & Puppet Animation

Clay/Puppet animation is a very powerful and charming form of animation.

What are the similarities of clay and puppet animation?

  • freestanding and able to support their own weight
  • they have movable joints that can hold any position
  • they are well executed with remarkable detail
  • they can be viewed from 360 degrees
  • they use the stop-motion technique

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Creating the Walk Cycle Using IK Bones

Today, you will learn how to use the IK Bones and then you will use them to create a walk cycle animation. The animation you create will use one figure that has multiple parts.

IK Bones

IK Bones allows the user to create and arrange symbols or shapes in a collection called an Armature. These armatures contain bones that have relationships with other elements which can be animated.

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